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An
eye – pleasing and soothing garden can turn into the perfect escape from the
intense and busy lifestyle. It is easy to relax when surrounded by vast green
grass, under the shade of an enormous tree while inhaling the tender scent of
sweet flowers. However, your garden has the capability to do much more than
that. A well – designed landscape can save you money and help in preserving the
environment.

One
of the benefits of the sustainable gardening is that it doesn’t require huge
investment, but it has long – lasting returns on the long run. Energy –
efficient garden can cut your cooling and heating costs during the summer and
winter and it will protect your home from the cold winds and the hot summer
sun. In addition it will help you diminish the water consumption, the
pesticides, the fuels and the electricity that are involved in the garden maintenance routine. With a thorough planning and a little
bit of effort you can completely transform your backyard.
Know
Your Garden

Every
garden is unique, and thus it has particular characteristics. You need to
understand the specifics of your landscape. Think which positions are
appropriate for certain types of plants. Usually the soil in the shaded places
is able to conserve better the moist. It’s easier if you make a sketch of your
house, and its surroundings such as the fences, the sheds, trees, the flower
beds, the patios as well as other utilities. Don’t worry if your drawing is
sloppy.  The important thing is to depict
accurately the position of each item on your plan.
When
finished, mark the areas that are exposed to the sun and wind. Decide which
windows and walls are most vulnerable to the climate conditions and require
protection. Then you need to pick plants that will not only be effective as a
shield, but will also resist the environment. Take into account that some types
of tree can’t survive in windy locations. The direct sunlight has detrimental
effect on many flowers. If you are living in a colder place, work out the spots
where the cool air penetrates and causes freezing.
See
what others do. If you are unsure what kind of greenery is suitable for your
location, walk around the neighbourhood and observe what they are planting. Ask
the gardening experts for advice. Browse on the internet or you can enrol in a
gardening class.
Practical
Design

If
you want to save both electricity and water, you might consider limiting the
lawn surface. You will have less for mowing and cut your bills. Pick grass that
is draught – adapted and will not need that much watering. You can reduce the
lawn surface by increasing the size of the flowerbeds.
Combine
plants with similar needs together. It will ease the watering and you will have
an organized garden. Keep paving away from the plants that require a moist
soils.  Concrete and other hard surfaces
absorb the heat and the rainwater and in result they dry out the nearby areas.
Sun
and Shade
It
is a common knowledge that a shady area is cooler in the summer. A few
deciduous shade trees on a key position can lower considerably your costs
during the summer. These greeneries have leafy branches that can spread on high
distance. It will prohibit the entrance of sunlight, making the job of your air
conditioner easier. The good thing is that when the winter comes, the leaves
will fall, ensuring that the sun will warm your home. Pick a type of trees that
will grow tall quickly. Plant them on the side where the home gets most sunlight. However, don’t place your trees too
near, because in case of storm they might damage your estate.
Vines
and climbing plants are the perfect alternative. They create shade, without
constituting any heat for your home. The best feature of these greeneries is
that you don’t need to wait for years to achieve any results. They start
shading the walls in their first year.
Shrubs,
bushes and other groundcover plants also come in hand as a natural insulating
material. They diminish the heat radiation and cool the air before it gets to
the walls. Place them all around your house at around one foot from the walls.
Offset the negative effects of the driveways and patios by planting a row of
shrubs. The hedge is suitable for shading the sidewalk.

These
plants are particularly good at trapping snow and reducing the drifts in the
windy parts of your landscape.