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Rapid development of
architectural field led to the occurrence of dozens of scientific approaches
that resulted in modern and massive building structures. While impressive architectural
solutions enriched most of the world’s metropolises with impressive skyscrapers
and multipurpose constructions that now occupy large surface areas, increased
concern regarding the influence that those “constructional miracles” have on
environment recently became incorporated in contemporary building ventures. In
fact, that resulted in expansion of sustainable oriented architecture and
design, which is, as greatly progressive area, directed to providing
construction methods that ensure resource efficiency, energy savings, careful
and minimized usage of materials and natural resources along with elimination
of any directly harmful impact on environment.

 

What is the purpose of sustainable
architecture?

Although sustainable
architecture
falls into changeable and constantly developing category,
certain aims and tendencies are firmly established. With base goal to offer
ecologically safe and healthy constructions, architecture which supports
sustainability relies on strong scientific and technological contributions that
enable high quality design along with preservation of natural wealth, waste
reduction, smart exploitation of natural energy sources, recycled materials’
use and eradication of any toxic or nonorganic substances that may harm human
health and environment. Beside strong orientation to ecology, sustainable design
concepts should provide comfortable, functional and healthy space.

Green design and its
implementation

 

Environmental design embraces
both interior and exterior areas of the buildings, where plenty of green ideas give
opportunity for lowering the pressure on environment, caused by overall usage
of construction space, water and energy consumption and continuous creation of
waste. Apart from its widespread implementation, sustainable design offers a
lot of particular solutions that allow efficient spending of energy, materials
and resources. Enriching indoor and outdoor building surfaces with dense
vegetation is one of the leading green design options for neutralization and
elimination of bad consequences on nature. While inside greenery contributes to
healthy air purification and diminishes the need for usage of air condition and
ventilation systems, vegetation placed within external part of the building boosts
oxygen levels and supports cleaner condensation. Although this is easily
applicable in private houses, business premises are extremely suitable for
various indoor planting ideas, where great example present garden walls in offices.
Massive buildings are extremely big water consumers, which is why architectural
experts push an effort to install building systems that will remove any sewage
waters and provide stable and viable supply of drinking and process water.
Specially designed roof tanks are excellent way of collecting rainwater which lately
can be used as powerful water source inside the building. Building structures
with profuse glass surfaces and windows are now perfect solution for providing
energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling. Architects and designers are
working together to create structures from harmless, recyclable and toxic-free
materials, but adaptation of old buildings also comes as efficient and
eco-friendly option.

What impact this has on home
owners and architectural design of homes?

 

Even though the implementation of
sustainable design techniques may require more financial sources initially,
home owners should be aware that in the long run they’re actually saving. Houses
built exclusively from organic materials provide many benefits. They require less aggressive maintenance,
provide healthier environment and diminished energy usage. Sustainable
irrigation systems along with including abundant green surfaces and lush
gardens within yards and inside premises lead to cost-effective, renewable and healthy
space, without the production of waste and noxious effects to the nature. With
an aim to maximize the usage of renewable energy sources, sustainable
architecture accentuate the significance of building position, which is equally
important for any type of construction, regardless if it’s private or public.
By following this architectural principle during the beginning stage of house
construction, home owners are in possibility to ensure the highest level of
energy efficiency which then stays as permanent opportunity for collecting
natural energy.